How to do the cost control of the farm

The profitability of the farm depends on whether the cost control of the farm is good or bad. For large-scale pig farms, raising the number of weaned piglets and reducing the production cost per unit of growing piglets is the key to the cost control of the farm. . The control of procurement costs and production process costs cannot be ignored either. Through years of practical experience in pig farms, the author talks about how to do a good job in the cost control of pig farms, and is only for the reference of pig industry colleagues: 1. Raising the number of weaned piglets provided by the annual sow can increase the annual productivity of the sow. Strong, that is, the number of weaned piglets provided in the year is high, the cost per unit of output is low, and the production efficiency is high; conversely, each time the weaned piglet is one, it will distribute the various rearing costs of sows and boars to weaned piglets. At the same time, the cost will increase. Therefore, it is necessary to fully develop the production performance of breeding pigs and increase the production ability of breeding pigs so as to effectively reduce production costs. 1. Reducing the number of non-productive days of sows The non-productive days are the most important factors affecting the number of weaned piglets per sow. Non-productive days are days when the sow is neither pregnant nor lactating. The most important factor affecting the number of non-productive days is the delivery rate, which is inversely proportional to the number of non-productive days. The rate of delivery is high, the number of non-productive days is small, and the number of weaned pigs per year is higher. 2. Shorten the time of weaning and mating Weaned sows with good body condition can be estrus and breeding is completed within seven days after weaning. Weaned sows that are in poor condition often have estrus for more than ten days before they become estrus. Therefore, we must pay attention to the sow's feeding and management, reduce the weight loss during breastfeeding, and maintain a good body condition, so that it can be estrus on time, mating, reduce the anti-reaction rate and miscarriage rate after weaning. 3. Raise the number of live piglets in the sow's litter. 3.1. Improve the quality of the boar semen. 3.2, estrus inspection. Weaning sows to drive out boars can effectively detect the estruss of sows and find out the initial time of estrus. Checking the situation twice a day is one of the breeding systems for each farm. 3.3. Timely mating The timely mating depends on the timely detection of the situation, the best timing for insemination breeding. The insemination process should pay special attention to strictly follow the insemination procedure. 4, to strengthen the feeding and management, according to the different requirements of each stage, so that fine breeding. Pigs are multi-fowl livestock. To prevent early embryonic death and increase litter size, it is necessary to strengthen the management of feeding, fine feeding, and scientific feeding. During the period of nursing and weaning to estrus, the sow's intake should be increased to reduce the loss of weight during lactation, promote follicular development of weaned sows, and increase the number of ovulation; during gestation, the amount of feeding should be strictly controlled according to the different requirements of each stage of pregnancy. Precise feeding, maintaining a good body condition and promoting breast development. Second, to reduce the unit production cost of the unit to reduce the weight of the unit to increase production costs, is an effective measure to control the cost of large-scale pig farms. It is closely related to the productivity of fertile sows. Only the maximization of output can minimize production costs. 1, pay attention to feed quality, improve feed conversion rate. In the pig-raising cost, the feed cost accounts for about 70%, and the rest is for labor, utilities, medicine, depreciation, etc. Therefore, only the reduction of feed costs can effectively reduce production costs. However, when selecting feedstuffs, especially feedstuffs, it is not possible to consider only the price and choose cheaper raw materials, but rather to consider the quality of feedstuffs. 1.1 It is not entirely price that determines the cost of feed, but also the feed conversion rate. The feed conversion rate is influenced by many factors, but the quality that plays a leading role is still. 1.2 High-quality, nutritionally-balanced feed can improve pig's own resistance and improve production performance; lack of nutrients in feed will not cause serious problems in a short time, but it will seriously affect production performance, reduce production performance, and make unit output. The cost increases. 2. Strengthen the disease control ability to ensure the health of the herd. Disease control is the lifeline of the farm. Therefore, many field heads like to push the farm's responsibility for poor economic efficiency to the epidemic. In fact, in the final analysis, the problem of pig disease is the issue of feeding and management. The delivery room, childcare, all-in, all-out, immunization procedures, and preventive care are all bad. What about pig disease control? The key to the control of swine farm diseases is all-in, all-out, immunization procedures, preventive health care, and biosecurity. To change the traditional concept, we must realize the transition from treating veterinarians to preventive veterinarians and preventive veterinarians to health veterinarians. 2.1 The cost of raising pigs depends to a large extent on the ability of the farm to control the disease. Controlling the occurrence of various diseases is always a challenging task. Only healthy pigs can achieve the best growth rate and the best. The ratio of meat to meat can effectively reduce production costs. 2.2 strengthen the vaccination. According to the monitoring results of the herd antibody level, the actual degree of immunity in accordance with the field is established and the virus disease is controlled. 2.3 Reasonable drug care. 2.4 implement the disinfection system, pay attention to the choice of liquid disinfection. 2.5 All-in, all-out feeding methods. 3. Reduce the impact of environmental factors and reduce various payables. High temperature, low temperature, harmful gases, transportation, frequent vaccination and various kinds of vaccines all affect the pig's resistance, resulting in a lower feed conversion rate and thus increase costs. Therefore, all kinds of stress must be minimized to create a good environment for the herd. 3. Reducing various wastes in the production process In the pig production process, there is a wide range of waste in both the scattered households and the scaled pig farms, artificially increasing production costs. 1, the waste of 1.1 pregnant sow pregnant sows did not according to the different requirements of each stage of pregnancy, strict feeding, resulting in sows too fat or too thin. 1.2 Weaned piglets did not feed as many meals as they needed, adding too much, and the piglets pulled out the feed when they ate. 1.3 The sow in the delivery room did not add “return” material, which was often added at one time, and the sow would feed it when it was eaten. 2. Unnatural death of piglets in the delivery room. For example, crushed to death, starvation, etc., the loss of at least 150 yuan per piglet died. 3, the operation is not standardized, causing the loss caused by pathogen infection. Such as piglets have teeth cut, when the tail is not strictly disinfected, infected with Haemophilus parasuis, arthritis; and if the fetus sow again into the delivery room to be produced, did not require cleaning or disinfection, or cleaning and disinfection is not complete, so that piglets infected piglets E. coli or parasites occur under the diarrhea. 4. Loss of elimination caused by poorly-conditioned, injured, or sick sows not being cared for in time. 5, adding drugs, stirring uneven, causing loss of sows abortion. 6, the loss caused by various kinds of stress. Such as the injection of vaccine, resulting in changes in boar semen quality, sows miscarriage and so on. Fourth, the change of managerial business philosophy 1. The first point of the change of farmer's managerial philosophy is to promote the environment as the first element. The environment is good or bad, it determines the success or failure of the farm. In large-scale pig farms, all types of pigs are under strong production conditions, and environmental conditions have a great influence on their productivity and health.

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